Professional cleaning of the teeth is dental prophylaxis. A dental prophylaxis is needed not only to clean the oral cavity, but to search for any other problems that might be present too.
- Dental planing and scaling
- Bacterial plaque control and topical fluoridation
- Cleaning with air flow
- Pit and fissure sealing
- Advices regarding oral hygiene
Dental planing and scaling is much more then a cleaning. It is a procedure necessary to remove tartar and hard crusty calculus loaded with bacteria, around and below the gum line. A professional polishing removes only the soft sticky plaque that is above the gum line.
When is it needed?
It is a very simple procedure that can stop gum disease.
Scaling is procedure in which the dentist meticulously removes contamination toxins, micro-organisms, plaque, tartar from around, below and under the gum line down to the bottom of the pocket, using an ultrasonic instrument. This instrument both scales and medicates your gum tissue.
Dental planing involves smoothing the root surfaces of your teeth so gum tissue can more firmly reattach to roots in order to prevent tooth loss and sensitivity problems. The procedure reduces the plaque accumulation along the root surfaces.
The cleaning may take one or more visits to complete, depending on the extent of the disease. Dental planing and scaling causes little or no discomfort.
After the procedure
- Brush and floss regularly to keep the gum clean
- Try to stop smoking. It only decreases the gum's ability to fight infections and delays healing
- to control the growth of harmful bacteria. (Bacteria below the gum line is the most aggressive)
- prevents tooth loss by making gum tissue attach firmly to teeth
- prevent further bleeding of the gum
- reduces gum swelling
- reduces discomfort
- decreases tooth sensitivity due to gum recession
Plaque is a sticky, transparent film of bacteria and sugars that forms on your teeth constantly. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease. The acids from plaque attack teeth after eating. This repeated acid attacks cause the tooth enamel to break down, creating a cavity. Plaque can also irritate the gum around your teeth, leading to gingivitis (red, swollen, bleeding gum), periodontal disease and tooth loss. If it is not removed daily by brushing it can transform into tartar.
The dentist applies fluoride to the teeth as a gel, foam, or varnish. These treatments have a bigger quantity of fluoride than the amount found in toothpastes and mouth rinses.
How does fluoride help my teeth?
Acid attacks on tooth's enamel layer lead to demineralization. Without the minerals, this acid attacks can create cavities. Minerals such as fluoride, calcium and phosphate are redeposited in the enamel layer allows it to heal. Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks. It also reverses early decay.
Cleaning with air flow is a painless way to remove the bacterial plaque and stains. It cleans and polishes smoothly the surface of your teeth, giving them a new bright appearance.
When is it needed?
When the teeth are stained because of the bacterial plaque and in case of tartar.
It uses a fast spray of air and sodium bicarbonate and a water jet to dispense of the bacterial plaque with exact precision. The procedure is painless.
- much faster than conventional treatments
The top surfaces of your teeth aren't flat. They are cris-crossed with tiny hills and valleys, so small that sometimes not even a single bristle from your toothbrush can enter. In this places the plaque grows and starts to attack your teeth.
Pit and fissure sealing is a method from sealing them with a protective plastic coating, which is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth. The sealant keeps food and bacteria from getting into the pits and fissures of your teeth.
The dentist will prepare your tooth by cleaning it. The area must be kept dry and away from saliva during this part. Then he 'paints' the sealant right over the tooth surface and hurries the drying process with curing light. The procedure is quick and painless.
After the procedure
The teeth don't feel different. Sealant usually last for many years. Brushing your teeth is still necessary.
(flossing, brushing, perfect hygiene of fixed bridges or removable partial dentures)
You will find out everything you need to know to keep the good condition you have achieved during your visit.