Odontology

Painless treatment of cavities

Odontology is the science that studies teeth and their surrounding tissues, especially the prevention and cure of their diseases.

Painless treatment of cavities under local anesthetic using aesthetic light curing materials

Cavities, common cold and gum disease are the most common human afflictions. Cavities (dental caries) are decayed areas in the teeth. They are the result of a process in which acids gradually dissolves a tooth's hard outer surface (enamel) and attack the dentin itself. Fluoride treatments can help cavities in the enamel heal, but for deeper cavities, dentists must drill out the decay and fill the resulting space.

When is it needed?

As soon as the cavity is deeper than the enamel, this is the only solution. If cavities are not properly treated by a dentist, they continue to enlarge. An untreated cavity will lead to bigger problems and ultimately tooth loss.

Procedure

Under local anesthesia, the dentist will drill the decayed part and will fill the remaining space with light curing materials. Afterwards, he will harden the curing materials with a bright blue light in the spectrum of 400 to 500 nm. We use composite resin as a restorative material, so we will match it with the color of your teeth.

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Painless treatment of cavities

Treatment of dental hyperesthesia

For millions of people, sensitive teeth can make life miserable. Your favorite hot or cold foods become a source of pain and discomfort. Even breathing cold air can be painful. This condition could have many causes, like gums recession or unhealthy tooth nerve tooth, among other things.

Procedure

The first thing necessary is to diagnose the cause. Treatments vary accordingly.

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Painless treatment of cavities

Root canal treatment using vertical condensation technique with warm gutta percha

What is it?

Root canal is a slang term for a dental operation, endodontic therapy, wherein the pulp is cleaned out, the space disinfected and then filled with specific materials. If it's not treated, the infected pulp becomes more and more painful and leads to the formation of abscess and the spreading of the infection to the surrounding tissues.

When is it needed?

A root canal procedure is needed when the sensitive pulp tissue of the tooth has become infected. The persistent pain is the main sign that a root canal procedure may be needed. Other signs are presence of tenderness in your gums near a tooth, presence of swelling in your gums near a tooth, or a tooth that is partially or completely darkened following a trauma.

Procedure

Root canal procedure may take one or several appointments to complete. It depends upon the extent of infection in the tooth and the number of root canals.

At the first appointment, the pulp is completely removed. The empty space is cleaned, shaped and decontaminated with an antiseptic solution. If the infection is spread at apex, root end surgery is required. Then the decontaminated root canals are filled with gutta percha, an biocompatible filling. After the surgery the tooth will be "dead". A temporary filling is then put on top of that.

If not a sign of infection appears, after 7 days the dentist installs the permanent filling and the crown.

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Root and crown restorations with biocompatible glass ionomer materials

Painless treatment of cavities

What are biocompatible glass ionomer materials?

Glass ionomer materials are dental restorative materials used for filling teeth. They bond chemically to dental hard tissue and during the process they release fluoride for a relatively long period. The fluoride remineralizes the teeth and helps restoring the enamel, so their properties make them useful materials in the restoration of dental cavities in low-stress areas.

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