Periodontology

Periodontology

Periodontology is the branch of dentistry which studies supporting structures of teeth, known as the periodontium.

Gum disease is the biggest cause of tooth loss in adults and can lead to a need for dentures, bridges or implants. It is caused by bacterial plaque, which when left uncontrolled creates calculus (also called 'tartar'). While forming this calculus, the plaque releases poisons which attacks the gum, causing it to become irritated and inflamed. Then the hurt gum begin to pull away from the teeth and leaves small gaps which quickly become infected. If gum disease is not treated promptly, the bone supporting the teeth is destroyed and teeth which are otherwise healthy can become loose and fall out.

Soft tissue surgery, gingivoplasty

Gingivoplasty is a procedure to reshape and re-contour the gum tissue.

When is it needed?

When the gums are over-extended or in severe cases of periodontitis, when some part of the gums must be removed.

Procedure

First, the dentist applies local anesthetic. Then, he proceeds to remove excess gum tissue with an electric instrument which minimizes bleeding, reshaping its form.

After procedure

The gum will be completely healed in 1 week.
Most patients experience very little pain afterwards.

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Peridontitis treatment with dental planing and scaling and insertion of PerioChip in the gingival pocket

What is a PerioChip?

PerioChip is a very small self-dissolving chip that contains a substance which effectively kills the bacteria that cause gum problems. It has been clinically proved to double the efficiency of the periodontitis treatment.

When is it needed?

It is very efficient in cases of periodontitis.

Procedure

During the dental planing and scaling the dentist meticulously removes contamination toxins, micro-organisms, plaque, tartar below and under the gum line down to the bottom of the pocket. Then he is smoothing the root surfaces of the teeth so gum tissue can more firmly reattach to roots in order to prevent tooth loss and sensitivity problems.

Advantages

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Treatment of mobile teeth and occlusion stabilizing

Periodontology

Mobile teeth can be caused by the inflammation of the fibrous tissue between the teeth and bone or by injury.

Procedure

The procedure is called splinting. The mobile tooth is bonded together with his neighbors so that the biting forces are shared by a large number of teeth instead of just the affected tooth. The teeth are bonded with extremely thin fiber-glass band.

After the procedure

You will have to wash your teeth very carefully, and you shouldn't use floss in the area.

Advantages

Occlusion stabilizing is necessary in case of misalignment of teeth and jaws, popularly known as “bad bite”. The causes creating this condition could be located in the teeth, in the gums or in the muscles. Only a dentist can correctly diagnose it and treat it correctly.

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